National Iodine Defficeincy disorders Control Programme
National Iodine Defficeincy disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP)
Iodine is an essential micronutrient. It is required at 100-150 micrograms daily for normal human growth and development. The disorders caused due to deficiency of nutritional iodine in the food/diet are called Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD).
Prevention is better than Cure. It is a well-established fact that with the exception of certain types of goiter, Iodine Deficiency Disorders are permanent and incurable. However, all these disorders can be easily prevented before they occur. The simplest method to prevent the broad spectrum of IDD is to consume iodated salt daily. This is the most effective and inexpensive mode to prevent IDD. Since salt is consumed by all everyday, the supply of iodated salt will ensure the availability of iodine for normal body function. The average consumption of iodated salt per person per day is about 10 gms.
The important objectives and components of National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Iodine Deficiency Disorders Control Programme (NIDDCP) are as follows:-
• Surveys to assess the magnitude of the Iodine Deficiency Disorders.
• Supply of iodated salt in place of common salt.
• Resurvey after every 5 years to assess the extent of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and the impact of lodated salt.
• Laboratory monitoring of iodated salt and urinary iodine excretion.